Compost and Soil Fertilization Systems in Germany

In an international conference dedicated to the creation of bridges between the two programs targeting innovation in agriculture, EIP-AGRI and Horizon 2020, the participants had the opportunity to visit demo farms at Kiel University in Schleswig-Holstein, where representatives of the Operative Innovation Groups spoke about the ways in which groups were created and presented the activities of their projects.

Here we will introduce you to one of the presented projects at the conference in September 2017. He is part of the Operative Group “Innovative Compost and Soil Fertilization Systems”, presented by agroengeneer Romana Holle of the “Experimental and Advisory Center for Organic Agriculture” in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany.

The aim is the “Innovative Compost and Soil Fertilization Systems” Operative Group to develop new technological methods for composting and producing compost extracts in collaboration with farmers, advisors and scientists as well as testing and adapting them to the conditions in the Schleswig- Holstein. The Operative Group’s project includes eighteen farmers, seventeen of which are organic producers and one is conventional.

The project provides for effective management of plant nutrition, plant protection and humus development to make progress in resource management, especially in organic production. In addition to better organization of farm work, the project also aims to show the link between the economic and environmental effects of farms.

As a result of the implementation of the project activities, it is expected work management strategies to be developed to create high-quality compost on agricultural land. They include a check with rapid tests to assess the composting process and assess the quality of compost, as well as an efficiency study of primary experiments on cultivated plants.

Potential humus-beneficial soil treatment techniques are determined by practical experiments with scientific support, including humus development, increased activity of microorganisms, etc. It is also envisaged to develop regional-specific strategies for sustainable increase in organic farm yields, protection from soil erosion and reduced carbon dioxide emissions into the soil.

Among the activities of the Operative Group’s project are also the study of the effects of different ways of compost production on soil fertility and a comparative analysis of the results of the field tests in the application of the different types of compost on the farms.

The publication is based on EIP – AGRI materials

 

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